Salvador is the capital of the northeastern Brazilian state of Bahia. Bahia is one of Brazil’s largest, most populous and most diverse regions. It is also one of the country’s poorest states and has been at the whim of Sao Paulo politics for decades. That said, Bahians have a distinct cultural and regional identity, especially as a heart of Afro-Brazilian culture, that they have fought tooth and nail to mantain and thus it is one of the best places to experience Brazil’s famously vibrant yet insouciant lifestyle. Salvador was the Portuguese capital of Brazil until the late 1700’s and has retained much of it’s European architecture in its historic center.